HomeBase MetalsTiger Resources debottlenecks Kipoi plant, increases production to 32 500tpa

Tiger Resources debottlenecks Kipoi plant, increases production to 32 500tpa

Democratic Republic of Congo – A positive engineering and costing study for the debottlenecking of the Kipoi solvent extraction and electrowinning (SXEW) plant could see Tiger Resources increase production from the current 25 000tpa to 32 500tpa.

The Kipoi copper project is located 75km northwest of Lubumbashi, in the central part of the Katanga Copper Belt, in the Democratic Republic of Congo.


  • Reserve-backed life of mine (LOM) of +16 years at 32 500tpa rate
  • Low risk debottlenecking project
  • Average LOM cash operating costs of US$1.27/lb at 32 500tpa
  • Capital cost of <$25 million · High return 107% IRR and 10 month project payback · Detailed engineering and design commenced with investment decision targeted in 4Q15 ><$25 million
  • High return 107% IRR and 10 month project payback
  • Detailed engineering and design commenced with investment decision targeted in 4Q15

The engineering and costing study focused on potential modifications to use the identified latent capacity of the SXEW processing train at Kipoi and was completed by Tiger Resources, with assistance of independent consultants Cube Consulting and Worley Parsons.

The study confirms the potential for a high return, low capital cost debottlenecking of the Kipoi SXEW train.

The debottlenecking project has a forecast IRR of 107% and a payback period of 10 months at a copper price of $3.00/lb.

The debottlenecking works are expected to be completed within an eight-month period including detailed design, procurement and construction. Thus a commencement of works in the fourth quarter of 2015 would see completion during the third quarter of 2016.

Reserves and mining

The Kipoi copper project is located 75km northwest of Lubumbashi, in the DRC
The Kipoi copper project is located 75km northwest of Lubumbashi, in the DRC

The study used the existing Kipoi JORC reserve of 50.5Mt grading 1.4% copper for 689kt copper. The heap leach feed schedule was optimised to provide sufficient recoverable copper to sustain production at 25ktpa, ramping up to 32 500tpa in late 2016. The optimisation assumes the resumption of mining in the third quarter of 2016.

The production schedule is based solely on Kipoi Central ore feed up to 2028, with ore in later years sourced from Kipoi North and Kileba. The mining schedule assumes the use of conventional open pit mining methods with a LOM strip ratio of 2.1:1 and average copper grade of 1.4%.


Following exhaustion of above ground ROM stockpiles and HMS floats, ROM ore will be delivered to a two-stage crushing circuit. The circuit will be designed with a capacity of 4.5Mtpa and reduce 1000mm ROM to 25mm which will then be fed onto the heaps.

The tank leach will process slurry from the HMS fines or fines generated run of mine. The resultant pregnant leach solution (PLS) will then be pumped to the SXEW plant. The modular tank leach design incorporates a scalable modular plant that can easily be expanded as the tank leach throughput requirement increases.

Increased solvent extraction capacity can be achieved by elevating the PLS grade and increasing the extractant concentration to facilitate the transfer of copper cathode. These minor operational changes will not require any capital works and can be achieved with existing infrastructure.

The electrowinning circuit currently includes a power rectifier with a design rating of 40kA. With minor site modification, this is expected to provide sufficient power for installation of an additional 14 electrowinning cells. These will be accommodated in two extra bays to be installed in the existing tank house. The estimated power requirement for 32 500tpa cathode production is 10MW, which is a 1MW increase on the power draw for the current production rate of 25 000tpa.

Tiger Resources previously advised that the transition to grid power commenced in the second quarter of this year  and Kipoi expects to commence sourcing majority grid power during the second half of the year. However, the diesel power station on site is capable of delivering up to 12MW and provides a backup to grid power.

Capital costs

The study indicates a capital cost estimate of $25 million (including contingency) and includes:

  • Expansion of the electrowinning facility by adding an extra 14 cells ($4.4 million); and
  • Modular tank leach plant and reclaim system ($15.3 million)

The estimates are based on prices received for similar installations within the last 24 months and knowledge of current equipment prices, delivery lead times and construction and installation rates.

Final pricing for the electrowinning expansion and tank leach plant is expected before the end of August 2015, while final pricing for the crushing circuit is expected in September 2015.

Operating costs

The average LOM cash operating costs under the 32 500tpa SXEW configuration are expected to be US$1.27/lb.

  • Preliminary mining tenders indicate mining costs of US$0.39/lb copper produced
  • Processing costs are expected to vary depending on the types of ore. The lowest cost of $0.38/lb copper produced occurs when treating the low acid consuming, high recovery Kipoi Central ore which forms the majority of ROM material to be treated. The LOM average processing cost is US$0.45/lb copper produced based on a 90:10 grid:diesel power supply.
  • General and administration costs are largely fixed and based on the 2015 budget costs are forecast to be US$0.23/lb copper produced at a 32 5000tpa production rate.
  • Selling and export clearing costs are expected to be consistent with 2015 guidance levels of US$0.18/lb copper produced.
  • LOM inventory adjustment for the significant stockpiles of ore is forecast to be US$0.02/lb copper produced.

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Chantelle Kotze
Chantelle Kotze is a Johannesburg-based media professional. She is a contributor at Mining Review Africa (Clarion Events - Africa) and has created content for the media brand over the past 6 years.