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It is estimated that close to 25 million artisanal and small-scale miners currently operate globally with a further 100 million workers indirectly involved in the industry.
Ghana’s artisanal mining and small-scale mining sector can be improved to become an inclusive, responsible, rights-based engine for growth in Ghana. 

So believes a group of national business and community leaders.

While accounting for an estimated 34% of Ghana’s gold production in 2014 and the livelihoods of approximately 1 million Ghanaians (and a total 3 million dependents), Ghana’s artisanal mining and small-scale mining sector is best known for its major environmental and social challenges.

“What we need is a major shift. A shift from a sector driven by poverty and a lack of options, to operations that are run like efficient businesses with adequate access to finance. We need to shift from an insecure and dangerous sector to one that enjoys secure rights and provides safe and decent jobs to mineworkers and the local community,” says Dr Toni Aubynn, CEO of the Minerals Commission.

“We believe that this is possible. But we will need to shift policy and attitudes, as well as a great deal of collaboration and goodwill.”

This participatory sector reform process started last January in Tarkwa, where a group of leaders decided to guide a process of transformation in Ghana’s artisanal mining and small-scale mining sector, following an “action dialogue” that brought together 60 representatives from across Ghana.

[quote]The event was convened by the NGO Friends of the Nation, with support from the UK-based International Institute for Environment and Development’s dialogues’ programme.

Ghana was the first country chosen for a dialogue on the subject because of the growing economic and livelihoods’ importance of the sector, and the commitment of Ghana’s artisanal mining and small-scale mining leaders and institutions to improving it.

“Miners must play a leading part in this sector reform. We have to commit ourselves to responsible mining practices so we can have the respect of Ghanaian society. Many small-scale miners are already working hard to operate responsibly and we want many more to do the same,” says Amina Tahiru, small-scale miner and coordinator of women in mining at the Ghana National Association of Small-Scale Miners (GNASSM).

“Civil society organisations like ASMAN ultimately aim at supporting the development of an environmentally sustainable, socially acceptable small-scale mining sector that can be a tool for poverty reduction in resource rich rural communities,” says Nii Adjetey Kofi-Mensah who heads the artisanal and small-scale Africa Network (ASMAN).

The group of leaders, known as the Learning and Leadership Group, has developed an agenda for action that includes demonstrating the “business case” for responsible artisanal and small-scale mining , improving practices within the sector in Ghana, and building support across Ghanaian institutions as a force for positive growth and equity in the country.

“We must not forget the difficult circumstances that women and children face in Ghana’s artisanal mining and small-scale mining sector . There are many vulnerable communities that need to be empowered,” adds Tahiru.