On 15 June 2017, the Minister of Mineral Resources, Mosebenzi Zwane, published the Broad-Based Socio Economic Empowerment Charter for the South African Mining Industry, 2017 (Mining Charter III) under the auspices of section 100(2)(a) of the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, 2002 (MPRDA).
Author: Jonathan Veeran, partner at Webber Wentzel
Subsequent to its publication, the Chamber of Mines brought an urgent application to interdict the minister, his delegates and officials, the Department of Mineral Resources and its officials from implementing and applying Mining Charter III “in any way, directly or indirectly” pending the finalisation of a judicial review application.
On 14 July 2017, the Chamber of Mines announced that it, together with the minister and the Department of Mineral Resources had reached an agreement under which Minister Mosebenzi Zwane and the Department of Mineral Resources have undertaken not to implement or apply the provisions of Mining Charter III, in any way, pending judgement in relation to the interdict.
Minister Mosebenzi Zwane furthermore undertook that, in the event of any breach of the above undertaking, the Chamber of Mines may set-down the Interdict for hearing on 48 hours’ notice to the minister.
The Chamber of Mines, Department of Mineral Resources and the minister have requested a special hearing date in respect of the Interdict and anticipate that the application will be heard in September 2017.
Yesterday, Minister Mosebenzi Zwane published a notice in the Government Gazette under the auspices of section 49 of the MPRDA advising of his intention to impose a moratorium on:
- The granting of any new application for a prospecting right and mining right in terms of sections 16 and 22 of the MPRDA
- The processing of applications for renewal of a prospecting right and renewal of a mining right in terms of sections 18 and 24 of the MPRDA; and
- The granting of applications in terms of section 11 of the MPRDA.
This moratorium will, however, not apply to applications for new rights, renewal of existing rights and applications under section 11 of the MPRDA, received and accepted before 19 July 2017, subject to the condition that such applications, if granted, will not immediately be subject to the requirements of Mining Charter III
Minister Mosebenzi Zwane has granted interested and affected stakeholders until 4 August 2017 to submit representations to his deputy director-general.
Under section 49(1) of the MPRDA stipulates that the minister may, after inviting representations from relevant stakeholders:
- “Prohibit or restrict the granting of any reconnaissance permission, prospecting right, mining right or mining permit in respect of land identified by the minister for such period and on such terms and conditions as the minister may determine; and
- Restrict the granting of any reconnaissance permission, reconnaissance permit, prospecting right, mining right or mining permit in respect of a specific mineral or minerals or class of minerals identified by the minister for such period and on such terms and conditions as the minister may determine”.
Furthermore, Minister Mosebenzi Zwane is obligated to consider “national interest, the strategic nature of the mineral in question and the need to promote the sustainable development of the nation’s mineral resources” in reaching his decision to apply the moratorium.
It is difficult to understand how this radical step on the part of Minister Mosebenzi Zwane may be justified as being in the “national interest“ or “promoting the sustainable development of the nation’s mineral resources”.
In any event, we are of the view that section 49 cannot be interpreted so broadly by Minister Mosebenzi Zwane so as to impose a moratorium throughout South Africa and in respect of all minerals for an indefinite period.
Section 49 specifically states that any moratorium imposed must be in respect of specific land, minerals and time period as “identified by the minister”.
Thus, it would be overly broad application of the minister’s powers should he apply a moratorium across South Africa for all minerals for an indefinite period.
Section 49(2) goes on to state that “a notice contemplated in subsection(1) does not affect prospecting or mining in, on or under land which, on the date of the notice is the subject of a reconnaissance permission, prospecting right, a mining right, a retention permit or a mining permit.”
Minister Mosebenzi Zwane is clearly attempting to extend the ambit of section 49(2) by attempting to apply the moratorium to section 11 applications, and renewal applications.
We can only speculate as to the rationale of Minister Mosebenzi Zwane, but it is difficult not to see this as an attempt to force the industry to ultimately bow to his whim in respect of Mining Charter III.