Cape Town, South Africa — 24 May 2012 – South Africa deputy president Kgalema Motlanthe says the South African government is looking to source more oil from Nigeria, suggesting Pretoria is moving to cut crude imports from Iran to avoid looming U.S. sanctions.
Reuters points out that South Africa imports a quarter of its crude from Iran, but has come under Western pressure to cut the shipments as part of sanctions designed to halt Tehran’s suspected pursuit of nuclear weapons.
After several months of confusing and conflicting messages from diplomatically non-aligned Pretoria, the deputy president gave the clearest sign yet that South Africa is shopping around for alternative suppliers.
“We would guarantee going forward to our Nigerian brothers for their liquid fuels because we don’t want to source our fuel in areas that are likely to be unstable,” he told reporters during a briefing here with Nigerian vice president Namadi Sambo.
“We are quite confident that Nigeria will become one of South Africa’s trusted suppliers of liquid fuel,” Motlanthe suggested.
South Africa took 615,834t of Nigerian crude in March “’ more than four times the same month last year and more than the 505,908t it bought from Iran, according to customs data.
Some South African refineries are designed to treat Iranian-type crude only, and analysts say refiners will be hard-pressed to replace those supplies with other products.
Any disruption to crude imports could hit fuel supplies in South Africa, which has suffered shortages in the last year because of strikes and refinery problems.
An energy ministry official said last week that South Africa was holding almost daily talks with the United States, European Union and Iran about reducing its purchases and was confident a deal could be struck to avert sanctions.
Refiners in South Africa include Shell, BP, Total, Chevron, petrochemicals group Sasol, and Engen, majority-owned by Malaysian state oil group Petronas.
BP, Chevron, Sasol and Engen said earlier this year that they had either stopped or were not sourcing any Iranian crude. Trade data from March showed, however, that imports of Iranian crude had gone up from the previous month.
Source: Reuters. For more information, click here.